Diseases of Eye Retina

What is the Retina?

The retina is a highly sensitive nerve tissue that lines the eye interior. It is made of photosensitive cells known as rod and cone cells. The human eye contains about 125 million rod cells, which ensure vision in dim light. Cones cells, on the other hand, work best in bright light – the eye contains between 6 and 7 million such cells. Cone cells are essential for a clear vision. Cone cells can also distinguish colors. Retina works as the film of a camera.

At Europe Eye Hospital retinal treatments are applied by the best ophthalmologists, who are highly specialized and experienced in retinal disorders. We use the latest generation devices and medical supplies of the highest quality in all our surgical interventions. All medical material supplies used during the operation, from surgery to injection materials are single use items and we are not reusing them under any circumstances.

Patients with retina disorders are subject to frequent eye fundus examination. Europe Eye provides methods of investigation and diagnosis, as well as top-of-the-line treatments of retinal diseases. The purpose of many eye treatments is to stop progression of the disease in the future. In most cases, the damage already occurred in the eye cannot be reversed, thus early eye examination is extremely important for vision preservation.

Our experienced ophthalmologists have performed hundreds of treatment procedures on patients with various retinal diseases. Based on symptoms, diagnosis, location and extent of the disease, your doctor will recommend you the best treatment for your eyes. Patients with a retinal condition are subjected to frequent eye fundus examination. For patients with retinal detachment, surgery is the only treatment.

Retinal disorders are the main cause of blindness in patients worldwide, making early detection of this disease extremely important for vision preservation

  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Retinal detachment
  • Vascular retinal occlusion
  • Vitreous gel bleeding
  • Macular hole
  • Pigmentation Retinopathy


A disease of the retina is more likely to occur in people with:

  • Extreme myopia
  • Family history of retinal disease
  • Diabetes
  • Operated cataract
  • Other eye diseases or disorders, such as retinoschisis, uveitis, degenerative myopia and “lattice” type peripheral retinal degeneration
  • Eye injury

At the appropriate stages in the diabetic retinopathy, laser ​PanPhotocoagulation (Laser treatment of retina) is performed, to prevent blood vessels from growing continuously, thus preventing the bleeding. The most significant thing is that, if done in due time, laser photocoagulation procedure can prevent blindness in the patients with this disease.

Vitreoretinal operations - for largely detached retina, severe ocular complications due to diabetes, eye trauma, severe intraocular infections, the most frequent treatment is the posterior vitrectomy, an extremely specialised intervention, which at Europe Eye is performed by renowned specialists using the most modern technology available on the market.

Intraocular injection of various substances or the photodynamic therapy are applied according to therapeutic indication.